The proces of European integration has progressed in an unprecedented way since 1958. European integration not only covers a larger territory but also explicitly relates to the territory in which it takes place. Structural improvement of certain ‘old’ industrial regions, the construction of high-speed railways, the creation of a Europe-wide network of protected nature areas and the promotion of an agriculture that respects the environment are key-issues that show this change.
Four different cases of European spatial policy-making are analysed in depth in different EU member states (the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Germany and France). This analysis digs into the intricacies of European policy-making as it is developed over the past decade, in which not only EU institutions are involved but also national, regional and local governments are a variety of private parties and social organisations.
The book investigates how planning is applied in a variety of ways to identify and address spatial aspects of these different issues in the context of the process of European integration. In the end, the question this book seeks to answer is how planning contributes to European governance.