When cholera hit the small village of Scheveningen on the west coast of Holland in June 1832, it took everybody by surprise. It had been generally assumed that the cholera epidemic would cross the Dutch borders from the east. From India the pandemic had spread throughout Asia, reaching Russia, Poland, then Prussia…… Soldiers had fired their rifles to clear the air, ships had been quarantined, travellers had been stopped and questioned, all to no avail.
The first cases of cholera in the Netherlands were fiercely debated: had the dreaded disease finally arrived or not? Medical reputations were at stake and scientific views were questioned. Doctors quarrelled about the infectiousness, the cause, the treatment and the outcome of this new plague. In addition, the medical profession generally believed that what they had always done would be sufficient to cope with the cholera epidemic. However, some lone visionaries did notice that drinking clean water protected from cholera and cured people who had been infected.
This is the story of the first cholera epidemic in the Netherlands, based on contemporaneous sources.
Antoinette van der Kuyl is a medical researcher at the Laboratory of Experimental Virology of the University of Amsterdam. She is also a member of the Editorial Board of the scientific journal Epidemiologia. Her book about the Dutch cholera epidemic of 1832 is also available as paperback.
Table of contents
Chapter 1. Why Write about Cholera?
Chapter 2. Cholera, the Bacterium and the Disease: An Introduction
Chapter 3. The Netherlands from the 18th Century up until the 1832 Cholera Outbreak
Chapter 4. Cholera in the British and Dutch Asian Colonies 1817-1832
Chapter 5. Preparing for the Asiatic Cholera Pandemic: the Professionals
Chapter 6. Preparing for the Asiatic Cholera Pandemic: the Public
Chapter 7. The 1832 Asiatic Cholera Epidemic in the Netherlands
Chapter 8. Cholera Hospitals in the Netherlands
Chapter 9. The Treatment of Asiatic Cholera Patients
Chapter 10. The Essence of the 1832 Asiatic Cholera
Chapter 11. Clinical Symptoms: Description and Diagnosis of Asiatic Cholera
Chapter 12. Asiatic Cholera: A Contagious Disease?
Chapter 13. “He Attempts—but ….in vain..”: What Can we Conclude?
Short Biographies of Dutch Doctors active during the 1832 Cholera Outbreak